Shaitan is a arabic word, it mean "enemy" or "adversary" or "evil".
In Islam, Allah created everything in pairs. The pair for a human is a jinn; two beings of higher intelligence created with free will. In between the pair of jinn and human there could be many other creations with higher intelligence like jinn and human. Qu'ran tells us that the jinn race was created long, long before the human race and, for a long time, humans were nothing, not even mentioned.
Has there not been over human a long period of time, when he was nothing - (not even) mentioned? (verse 1) chapter 76.Allah created al-Ins (human) from sounding clay like unto pottery (14), and Allah created al-Jinn (jinn) from fire free of smoke (15): Then which of the favors of Rabbkum (your Sustainer and Nurturer) will you deny? (verse 16) chapter 55
Iblis was of the jinn race and was supposedly a devoted servant of Allah. He attained a very high status and was brought close with the Angels. But Allah knew Iblis and the intentions of Iblis well, and therefore the Shaitan was named Iblis (meaning "desperate"). The angels do not have free will and do not sin, because they do not know how to sin. When Allah created humans, Allah commanded all the angels to prostrate (sujood) to Adam. All angels did so, except Iblis, who refused Allah's direct command.
Iblis was proud and considered himself superior to Adam, since Adam was made from clay and Iblis was created from smokeless fire. For this act of disobedience, Allah cursed the Shaitan to the Lake of Fire for eternity, but gave the Shaitan respite until the Day of Judgment at his request. Iblis obtained permission from Allah and vowed that he would use this time to lead all men and women astray to be devoured in the Lake of Fire. Allah grants the request, but warns the Shaitan that it would have no authority over Allah's sincere abd, devoted servants.
How Shaitan is described in Qur'ran:
It was We (Allah) Who created human, and We (Allah) know what dark suggestions the human psyche makes to him: for We (Allah) are nearer to him than (his) jugular vein (16) chapter 50, Qur'an.
Chapter 114, Verses 6
With the name of Allah, the unconditional Mercy, the eternal Mercy!
Say, "I seek refuge with the Rabb (Cherisher) of humans (1), the King of humans (2), the Elohim of humans (3); -
"From the mischief of the whisperer (of evil), who withdraws (after its whisper) (4), - (The same) who whispers into the hearts of humans (5), among the jinns and among the humans" (6), Qur'an.
The concept is in both Judaism (Yahudianism) and Islam, 'the satan' is the same. Basically, this evil and/or adversary only has the "power of suggestion" and/or "power of whisper". One should not underestimate this so-called "power of suggestion".
The shaitan is the devil that is stoned by stoning the three pillars on the hajj. This takes place in Mina.
THE DAYBREAK OR DAWN
Chapter 113, Verses 5
With the name of Allah, the unconditional Mercy, the eternal Mercy!
Say, "I seek refuge with the Rabb (Master) of the dawn (1). From the mischief of created things (2); from the mischief of darkness as it overspreads (3); from the mischief of those who practice secret arts (conniving) (4); and from the mischief of the envious one as he practices envy" (5), Qur'an .
It is the evil within us who is our adversary and with whom we are in constant struggle (jihad) to overcome. It is the jihad within our own selves to overcome our adversary and avoid evil. One can make a connection in the Old Testament to Israel (Jacob) who struggles (jihads) to please Elohim. Iblis is evil (the satan), who defied Allah's direct command.
. After their creation, Adam and Eve (Arabic: aww', ,) were allowed to dwell freely in the Paradise of God meaning the Garden of Eden (al-jannah, ), but Allah forbade them to go near a tree. Again, this was Allah's command to Adam and Eve; the tree may not have been the significant factor in Adam and Eve's punishment
According to the Qur'an, Iblis tricked Adam and Hawwa' into eating from the forbidden tree. Allah then expelled all of them (including the Shaitan) from the Paradise of God and onto earth, with enmity between them, but promised His Guidance will come to all of them. And if they are righteous, then they shall have no fear nor shall they grieve. Adam sought repentance from Allah, and Allah gave Adam inspiration. Allah forgave Adam and aww' and told them:
"Get you down all from here; and if, as is sure, there comes to you Guidance from me, whosoever follows My guidance, on them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve. (Qur'n 2:38)"
It has been a long time since Man's creation and his first contact with the Jinn, Shaitan. Allah always warns those who listen to him that Iblis is still working up until this day, according to Islam so to lead everyone of us to the Hell Fire. But Iblis is not the only one who is misleading mankind, there are about 26,000,000,000 other Jinns doing the same thing
To clarify, the Jinns exceed us far in population as they existed for longer time than us. To understand Iblis, we have to understand his very nature from his race. The Qur'an doesn't mention a lot of things about Iblis like: Did he have parents? among others. The Jinn still appear to some individuals with a strong enough heart to take them. If you think about it, the Jinns are everywhere and even in your own room! According to the Prophet's teachings, Iblis finds it easier to lead the Christians and Jews astray than the Muslims.
The reason is Muslims believe strongly that these kind of beings definitely exist but they chose not to be seen. The word Jinn also means "hidden" or "unseen". The Jinns don't need technology because they have mastered black magic and alchemy. Using Black magic or alchemy is one of the most common ways they mislead us.
The only time human beings are protected from Shaitan is during Ramadan. Since the dawn of time, the Jinn (the bad kind and the good kind) have been spying on what the angels are saying about the future events for earth and each person prepared by Allah.
Remember that Shaitan makes the devils, demons, Ifrids, and others do the dirty work for him. Shaitan has a history of murder that goes back during the times of Prophet Muhammad (PBUH). Some Jinns tried to kill physically one of the Prophet's disciples but most of them failed. Iblis made a commitment with Allah that he somehow and someway will try and lead mankind away from the righteous path.
As long as we do the right thing, we are proving him wrong. Human beings were supposed to surpass the Jinn in respect and degrees. Angels even turn to Human beings and submit to them because of their great knowledge. If angels, the beings of light and purity have hope for us, why do we let the great leader of the Jinn turn us around?
The Jinns learned many things we don't know yet (eventually we will know them in the future). That's why they possess alien qualities that would seem amazing to us and some of us take them as gods. The Jinns are mortals like us, have free will like us, and have intelligent qualities like us. Humans were created from clay because it is the symbol of pure essence and not fiery which means that Human Beings are made from wisdom and knowledge.
In the end the people with an open mind and a pure heart, will become more powerful than the strongest evil Jinn out there. Some Jinns have turned to Islam and became good and are willing to help the human and their own race. Shaitan is everywhere and he is your enemy. Shaitan will always hate us because we were preferred above him. If a person understands who shaitan is and why he is doing what he does, we will then understand how important it is to avoid him.
Two of the greatest blessings from Allah سبحانه و تعالى are peace and prosperity. Today many Muslims despair over the fact that they are deprived of these two blessings by the enemies of Islam. However, Muslims should realise that they too are responsible for the deprivation of these two blessings and are guilty of inflicting dhulm upon one another mentally and emotionally. This form of dhulm is often overlooked, although it may prove to be more destructive than the former.
Shaitan is man’s avowed enemy and he is relentless in his pursuit of leading mankind astray. The manner in which he leads one astray will differ in accordance with the individual. In contrast, Allah has promised the gardens of paradise for those who remain steadfast...
On the final day of Shabaan the noble Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم delivered a sermon to his companions about the coming month of Ramadhan in order to mentally prepare them. Similarly we should also mentally prepare ourselves so we too may derive benefit from this virtuous month where one obligatory act is rewarded 70 fold. Ramadhan is not a month of feasting and celebration rather it is a month of sacrifice, self-denial, compassion towards others and a time to remember Allah سبحانه و تعالى in abundance. This talk provides an excellent framework of how one should prepare for its coming, how it should be spent and finally how one should proceed after its passing. Virtues of Ramadhan are many but equally there is a warning for those who are neglectful.